Thirteen older persons aged 70 to 91
Har far alla leka pilot old were interviewed. A hermeneutical phenomenological analysis of the data revealed two main themes: However, the presence of the inner child could also be a source for development throughout life and could interfere with the person.
In addition, dimensions of well-being such as feeling safe, loved, supported, and creating space for fantasy and possibilities can be compared to the physical, mental, social, and existential dimensions of well-being found in WHO surveys and definitions of health. This calls for a holistic approach when caring for older persons. Questions concerning the health and well-being of older persons are becoming more important in relation to the growing population of older persons Swedish National Institute of Public Health [SNIPH], Laslett discussed the increased years of good health that many older persons experience.
Well-being can be referred to as a person's "Har far alla leka pilot" experience of health SOU, Spiritual or existential well-being is also considered to be vital for the health of human beings Melder, For example Udo, Danielson, and Melin-Johansson found that some nurses caring for patients dying of cancer integrated their personal self in their care, handling existential issues, and that they were helped by collegial support through regular sessions.
Existential issues are an inevitable part of people's life, even though the way in which we deal with these issues is unique for each individual Van Deurzen, Past experiences can also be understood in accordance with Firman and Russel's description of the inner child as including all of the past hidden ages that have made up one's life journey. Others have also used the concept of the inner child.
For example, Kohut described the inner child in connection with the pains and strains of not being acknowledged. Winnicott focused on the communication between the child and the caretaker and on how being or not being acknowledged affects the inner child and hence the human being later in life. Cullberg Weston added the importance of the inner child's specific strengths that an individual brings into adulthood and knowledge about the contribution of the early years to the person we have become.
According to Assagiolithe inner child is a psychosynthesis of Har far alla leka pilot ages, the transition from childhood to old age. Each developmental age is not left behind but forms one small part of all that we are. In addition, Assagioli holds that the psychosynthesis of the ages can be achieved by keeping the best aspect of each age alive. Firman and Russel also discuss the psychosynthesis "Har far alla leka pilot" the ages and the importance of nurturing the child within.
He proceeded to explain that the implicit memories associated with these various states also govern our perceptions of the world and our ways of being in it. Antonovsky studied the salutogenic process using the sense of coherence to shows how generalized resistance resources can contribute to help people handle problems and difficulties in life.
This approach is similar to the empowerment concept in health promotion explained in the Ottawa Charter Rennemark and Hagberg studied the sense of coherence among the elderly in relation to their perceived history and the Eriksonian development stages. The results indicated that the more positive an individual's evaluation of his or her life history, the stronger the sense of coherence.
Further they concluded that the social network was sometimes used as compensation for shortcomings in an individual's concept of self. According to Heckhausen, Wrosch, and Schultzthe challenges that individuals face as they develop from infancy into older age are selecting, adapting, and pursuing developmental and personal goals that reflect changing life course opportunities.
Further, they highlighted the role of goal-setting processes in social relationships and interpersonal interactions throughout the lifespan. A similar social focus can be found in the World Health Organization's questionnaire about self-rated health and quality of life, which includes spirituality, religiousness, and personal beliefs WHO, According to Svensson et al.
George suggested that if we are to do justice to the older persons whose interests we are attempting to promote, we must pay attention to how older persons about their lives and their sense of well-being throughout life. Therefore, the aim of this study was to describe and gain more knowledge about the phenomenon of the inner child, as reflected in events during childhood experienced by older persons.
According to van Manenphenomenology is a systematic attempt to uncover and describe the structure of lived experience. We invited Swedish-speaking senior citizens without cognitive disabilities to participate in the study.
The participants were recruited through an organization for senior citizens and were contacted by the first author. An oral presentation and a letter presenting the aim of the study were given at one of the organization's member meetings. Altogether 13 persons, all of them retired, agreed to participate in Har far alla leka pilot study.
The participants included seven men and six women. Eleven participants were interviewed on the premises of the organization, and two participants were interviewed in their own homes.
Eight participants had grown up in the city and five had grown up in the countryside. The ages of the participating women ranged from 72 to 85 years. All of them had children and grandchildren.
All of the women had been employed at some point in their lives, and two of them had started an educational program when their children became older. The ages of the participating men ranged from 70 to 91 years. All of them had children and six them had grandchildren. All the interviews were coded to protect the identities of the participants see below.
Data were collected through open-ended interviews conducted by the first author. A pilot interview was conducted to test the research questions, resulting in fewer questions. Instead of several detailed questions, the interview started with the broad question, Can you describe significant events from your childhood that you have carried with you throughout life? This approach made the interviews more open and "Har far alla leka pilot" more space for the participants to choose which experiences to share.
Supporting questions were asked, including the following examples: Do you remember your feelings at the time? Has this affected you as an adult? Did you learn anything or change in any way after this event? Is there anything in what you have narrated that you have forwarded to your children? The interviews lasted between 1 and 1. The recorded interviews were transcribed Har far alla leka pilot by the first author and coded from A1 to A6 for the women and B1 to B7 for the men.
The code list will be destroyed after the analysis is complete and the manuscript is published. No names, addresses, or identification numbers were collected. All through the analysis process the recordings were kept in a locked cupboard when not under the direct supervision of the researcher.
The data will be archived for 10 years. The data analysis employed a hermeneutic-phenomenological approach that was inspired by van Manenand all of the authors were involved throughout the process described below.
The analysis process included three steps: According to van Manena holistic approach entails seeking meaning on different levels. The analysis started with reading all of the transcribed interviews to capture the significance in each interview and simultaneously seek the meaning of the collective picture that included all of the interviews.
The analysis employed a back-and-forth movement between the whole and the parts, as described by van Manen Har far alla leka pilot second step of the process Har far alla leka pilot thematic analysis, which involved striving to determine the experiential structures that made up the participant's experiences.
The textual units from the interviews were then organized into different experiences in several steps and were finally reduced to the main themes and the themes of the participant's lived experiences. The third and final step consisted of interpretation with reflection, a process that van Manen described as recovering the embodied meanings in the text in a free and insightful way. The persons at the organization for seniors were given oral and written information about the study, as outlined in the Helsinki Declaration In accordance with Swedish ethical law SFS The participants received information about their role in the project, their autonomy, and confidentiality.
Thus the participants had the option to withdraw from the project at any time. They were also informed that no one apart from the authors of this article would have access to the collected material.
The participants described experiences related to feelings of being safe, which were often connected to family and the structure of the older generation's inclusion in the home. Different people and situations added to the Har far alla leka pilot of safety. Feeling safe was also connected to everyday activities that created habits or routines, such as buying milk from the milk shop and playing with dolls when the mother was weaving or reading.
Safety was also connected to knowing that someone was always there to listen.
The participants talked about growing up in safe surroundings with a secure atmosphere, which made them feel safe at home and during leisure time. The participants also shared experiences of feeling loved by a number of people and in many ways, even though times were hard and money was scarce.
The participants remembered parents, relatives, and other adults
Har far alla leka pilot being loving, caring, and generous towards them. Siblings or other peers were also considered to be loving and empathetic. The participants shared stories of loving actions, for example, how bullies were confronted by siblings when they were being bullied or feeling a mother's love and generous caring in spite of hard work and poor circumstances.
The participants described experiences that were understood as being supported during childhood by parents, relatives, teachers, and other significant adults. Sometimes these adults became role models, and activities or situations served as inspiration that exemplified how to live a good life. One other participant explained: The participants talked about experiences during their childhood when they had felt alone, scared, and sad.
With respect to their upbringing, the participants described their Har far alla leka pilot did not encourage them or show them gratitude because at the time adults had the preconceived idea that these practices might spoil their children. Unfortunately, this lack of recognition was perceived by the youngsters as a feeling of being abandoned. One participant described it this way:. I remember when I was 13 years old and had to help my mother take care of the farm while my father was in the army… We had no milk machines and had to milk by hand… When my father came home, he didn't give me any compliments about running the farm, but rather criticized me for what I had done wrong… It was a trauma that I blamed my father for.
The participants described being scared. One participant remembered a funeral, as follows: She was lying there in bed, and my mother lifted me up so I could see her. The participants talked about the sadness they felt as a child when their parents did not engage in their upbringing. They described experiences with formal and distant relationships with their parents. See what Sara Bolander (sarabolander) has discovered "Har far alla leka pilot" Pinterest, the world's biggest collection of ideas.
Under användandet får sladden inte ligga på elementet. Enligt tillägget A2 erfarenhet, så vidare de inte är övervakade av eller har fått utbildning av en person som ansvarar för deras säkerhet. Barn skall instrueras att inte leka med apparaten.
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